Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2013. Vol. 58. No. 5. P. 26-34


V.F. Demin1,3, V.V. Romanov2, V.Yu. Soloviev3, I.E. Zakharchenko1

Harmonized Approach to the Health Safety Regulation in Different Areas of Human Activity

1. National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; 2. Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia; 3. Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center, Moscow, Russia


Purpose: To develop a harmonized approach to the management of safety in different areas of human activity.

Material and methods: The basic principles of decision-making on safety: the justification principle, the principle of the protection optimization and the principle of risk limitation have been regarded.

Results: It is proposed two ways (or steps) of harmonization: the first step is to prepare a scientific basis for the harmonization in sanitary regulation between different areas of human activity, overcoming the existing discords. This allows us to move to international harmonization – the harmonization of safety standards and other hygienic standards existing in different countries. We propose an unified approach to establishment of safety standards and other levels of decision-making on safety with the use of risk analysis in different spheres of human activity. Based on this approach, we propose the general safety standards for professionals and the public. Based on these universal safety standards, other levels of decision making on safety rights for a number of contemporary influences of controlled sources of exposure could be proposed.

Conclusions: The developed approach can serve as a basis for proposals elaboration on international harmonization of regulatory and methodical documents on safety innovation in various fields of industrial and other human activities.

Key words: risk assessment, risk index, methodology, health risk standard, harmonization, decision making principle


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