Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2012. Vol. 57. No. 5. P. 20-30


V.F. Demin1, V.V. Romanov2, V.Yu. Soloviev3

Harmonized Approach to the Health Safety Regulation in Different Areas of Human Activity

1. National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; 2. Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia; 3. Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia


Purpose: To create harmonization approach to the development of health safety standards (HSS) in nanotechnology and other areas of human activity.

Material and methods: Main principles of health risk assessment are: principles of justification and optimization of protection; risk level limit application.

Results: Two types of harmonization are suggested: at the first stage it is necessary to overcome existing divergences and prepare scientific basis of harmonization of hygienic regulations in different areas of human activity. It makes possible to prepare basis for international harmonization of health safety standards (HSS) and other hygienic regulations.

General approach to establishing HSSs and other levels of health risk assessment using risk analysis in different areas of human activity is suggested. On the basis of this approach, universal HSSs for workers and public are suggested. Based on these universal HSSs, general HSSs and other levels of health risk assessment for different modern harm sources are proposed.

Conclusion: The approach can be the basis for harmonization of international regulations and methodological documents in the area of innovative projects’ protection in different areas of industrial and economic human activities.

Key words: risk assessment, risk index, methodology, health risk standard, harmonization, decision making principle