Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2020. Vol. 65. No. 2. P. 62–67

P.O. Rumiantsev1, A.A. Trukhin1,2, K.A. Sergunova3, Ya.I. Sirota1, N.M. Makarova1,2, А.А. Bubnov2, D.S. Semenov3, E.S. Ahmad3

Phantoms for Nuсlear Medicine

1 National Medical Research Centre of Endocrinology, Moscow, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
2 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
3 Research and Practical Clinical Center of Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The nuclear medicine phantom development is based on the step by step description of the computational and experimental biological object model. Computational phantoms are used for geometry of the object description and simulate physics of particle interactions with matter, while experimental phantoms are used for quality control tests and standardization of functional research protocols. Common examples are the dosimetry planning of radionuclide therapy and post-therapeutic scintigraphy with 131I. This review provides a list of methods for computational and experimental phantoms. Examples of existing phantoms created for the nuclear medicine tasks are also given.

Key words: nuclear medicine, theranostics, phantom, mathematical phantom, experimental phantom, 3D print, quantitative dosimetry

For citation: Rumiantsev PO, Trukhin AA, Sergunova KA, Sirota YaI, Makarova NM, Bubnov АА, Semenov DS, Ahmad ES. Phantoms for Nuсlear Medicine. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2020;65(2):62-7. (In Russ.).

DOI: 10.12737/1024-6177-2020-65-2-62-67


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Conflict of interest. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Financing. The study had no sponsorship.

Contribution. Article was prepared with equal participation of the authors.

Article received: 03.06.2019.

Accepted for publication: 12.03.2020.