Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2021. Vol. 66. № 4. P. 25–32

Radiation Safety of Population: Experience and Ways of Improvement

N.K. Shandala, I.P. Korenkov, A.M. Lyaginskaya, S.M. Kiselev, Yu.E. Kvacheva, E.G.Metlyaev,
O.V. Parinov, A.V. Titov, M.P. Semenova, Yu.N. Zozul, N.V. Zinovieva

A.I. Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center, Moscow, Russia

Contact person: Natalia Kostantinovna Shandala: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  


The article describes the results of the activities of the department of radiation safety of the population of the A.I. Burnasyan FMBC of FMBA over the period from the foundation of the Center to the present.

Results: The priority in the activity of the Institute of Biophysics, created in 1946, was the development of issues of radiation safety of the personnel and the public during the implementation of a nuclear project. The basic scientific direction «radiation safety of the population» was formed as an independent unit by 1955. Today, the department of radiation safety of the population of FMBC is a scientific, practical and methodological unit which deals with radiation and chemical safety including an assessment of health of the population living in the vicinity of Russian nuclear facilities. The main priorities of activity include: radiation-health physics monitoring and health physics regulation; monitoring the health of the population; expert activity in medical nuclear forensics. Scientific research in the field of protection and safety and improving the state health and epidemiological supervision covers the population living in the areas of enterprises under FMBA’s of Russia service, including nuclear shipbuilding facilities, nuclear and uranium legacy of Russia and Central Asia, nuclear power plants, cosmodromes, etc.

Conclusion: In general, summarizing the 75-year activity in the field of the public radiation protection and safety, the following can be stated. Over the past years, a set of health physics works has been carried out at nuclear facilities, a methodology for radiation and health physics monitoring has been developed in conjunction with monitoring the public health, methods for determining man-made and natural radionuclides in food and environmental media have been developed and introduced into practice. The implementation of our new scientific developments and future prospects will be aimed at reducing the burden of medical problems associated with the operation of various radiation hazardous facilities and legacy management; raising the level and quality of life of the relevant contingents of the Russian population; as well as the creation of the necessary conditions for the successful development of nuclear energy in the Russian Federation.

Key words: population, radiation safety, health physics monitoring, health physics regulation, Chernobyl accident, protective measures

For citation: Shandala NK, Korenkov IP, Lyaginskaya AM, Kiselev SM, Kvacheva YuE, Metlyaev EG, Parinov OV, Titov AV, 

Semenova MP, Zozul YuN, Zinovieva NV. Radiation Safety of Population: Experience and Ways of Improvement. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2021;66(4):25-32.

DOI: 10.12737/1024-6177-2021-66-4-25-32



1. Guidelines for Sanitary Control Over the Content of Radioactive Substances in Environmental Objects / ed. Marey AN and Zykova AS, Moscow  Publ, 1974. 337 p. (In Russian).

2. Kraevsky NA. Essays on the Pathological Anatomy of Radiation Sickness. Medgiz, Moscow  Publ, 1957. 230 p. (In Russian).

3. Global Fallout of Cesium-137 and man / Marey AN, Barkhudarov RM Novikova NYa, Moscow  Publ, Atomizdat, 1974, 168 p. (In Russian).

4. Marey AN, Zykova AS, Saurov YuM. Radiation Communal Hygiene. Moscow  Publ, Energoatomizdat 1984.176 p. (In Russian).

5. Marey AN, Zykova AS, Saurov YuM. Radiation Communal Hygiene. Moscow, Energoatomizdat, Publ, 1984. 176 p. (In Russian).

6. Fedorova MV, Krasnopolsky VI, Lyaginskaya AM Reproductive Health of Women and Offspring in Regions with Radioactive Contamination (Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident) Monograph, ed. Fedorova MV. Moscow, Medicine, Publ, 1997. 393 p. (In Russian).

7. Shandala NK, Korenkov IP, Kotenko KV, Novikova NYa Global and Emergency Fallouts of 137Cs and 90Sr. Moscow, Medicine, Publ, 2009. 208 p.

8. Ilyin LA, Shandala NK, Savkin MN et al. The place and Role of Radiation-hygienic Monitoring in the System of Social-hygienic Monitoring // Hygiene and Sanitation, Moscow Publ, 2004:(5):9–15 (In Russian).

9. MU Implementation of Radiation Safety Indicators on the State of Environmental Objects, incl. Food raw Materials and food Products, in the System of Social and Hygienic Monitoring. (In Russian).

10. MU Monitoring of the State of the Environment at the Stages of the NPP life Cycle. (In Russian).

11. MU Expert and Predictive Assessments of the Health Status of the Population in the Areas Where Nuclear Power Plants are located. (In Russian).

12. Shandala NK, Kiselev SM, Titov AV Scientific and Practical Experience of Supervisory Activities in the Field of Ensuring the Protection of the Population and the Environment at Nuclear Heritage sites in Russia.  Radiation Hygiene. 2019.12(2) (special issue):83–96. p. (In Russian).

13. Shandala NK, Titov AV, Metlyaev EG. Problems of Emergency Regulation of the Content of Radionuclides in Food: the Transition From Temporarily Permissible levels to Normal practice. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2016.61(3):98–102(In Russian).

14. Metlyaev EG, Bogdanova LS, Grachev MI and Others. International and Domestic Approaches to Iodine Prophylaxis in the Event of a Nuclear Reactor Accident. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2020.65(3):66–72.

15. Volgodonsk NPP and Public Health. Ed. Academician of the RAMS Ilyina LA and Ph.D. Murina MB. Moscow  Publ, GNTs-IBF. 2002. 62 p. (In Russian).

16. Shandala NK, Korenkov IP, Romanov V.V. The State of the Radiation-hygienic Situation in the area of the NPP location. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2015.60(2):15–21. (In Russian).

17. Kvacheva YuE, Glazunov AG Features of the organization and production of forensic medical examination of corpses of persons who Died From Acute Radiation Sickness. Forensic Medical Examination. 2012. 55(2):43–45. (In Russian).

18. Titov AV, Shandala NK, Isaev DV and Others. Assessment of the Radiation Hazard of the stay of the Population and the Conduct of Economic Activity in the area of the location of a Depleted Uranium Deposit. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2020.65(2):11–16.

19. Isaev DV, Shandala NK, Starinskiy VG Assessment of the Radiation Situation in the area of the location of the Ship Repair Enterprises of the Kamchatka Territory. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2019.64 (5):9–14 (In Russian).

20. Lyaginskaya AM, Shandala NK, Kiselev SM and Others. The State of Health of the Population in the Area of the location of the Shipyard "Nerpa", Carrying out Work on the Disposal of the nuclear legacy Object - the Floating Technical Base "Lepse". Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2020.65(3):31–39. (In Russian).

21. Shandala NK, Sneve MK, Semenova MP, Segien K, Filonova AA. Cooperation Between State Research Center – Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency and Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2020; 65(1):72–78. (In Russian).

22. Petoyan I.M., Lyaginskaya A.M., Ermalitsky A.P. et al. Reproductive Health Status of the Kursk NPP Personnel. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2019.64(1):21–25. (In Russian).

23. Grachev MI, Ilyin LA, Kvacheva YuE et al. Medical Aspects of Countering Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism / Ed. L.A. Ilyin. Moscow, FGBU GNTs FMBC im. A.I. Burnazyan FMBA of Russia, 2018. 392 p. ISBN 978-5-905926-57-0. 

24. Forensic Medicine: National leadership / Ed. YuI. Pigolkin. Moscow, GEOTAR-Media, 2018. 576 p. ISBN 978-5-9704-4236-4. 

 PDF (RUS) Full-text article (in Russian)

Conflict of interest. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Financing. The study had no sponsorship.

Contribution. Article was prepared with equal participation of the authors.

Article received: 16.03.2021. 

Accepted for publication: 21.04.2021.