Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2023. Vol. 68. № 2

DOI: 10.33266/1024-6177-2023-68-2-80-84

I.M. Petojan, N.K. Shandala, A.M. Lyaginskaya, E.G. Metlyaev

Newborn Children Health Status in Families of Male Nuclear Power Plants Personnel

A.I. Burnazyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center, Moscow, Russia

Contact person: I.M. Petoyan, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Purpose: To give a general description of personnel exposure doses and assess the health status of newborn children in families of male nuclear power plants personnel.

Material and methods: The work includes the results of studies of the reproductive health of male personnel of Smolensk, Kursk, Kalinin and Novovoronezh NPPs. The source of information on annual doses of occupational exposure of personnel was the data from the Federal Bank of individual exposure doses of personnel of organizations and the population in the territories served by the FMBA of Russia. The state of newborns was assessed by indicators of physical development and the frequency of birth of a child with pathology. Intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations, and other perinatal diseases were noted in the structure of pathological conditions. The source of medical data was information from the individual medical records “History of childbirth” and “History of the development of the newborn” for 2007–2018.

Results: The health status of newborn children born in 2007–2018 in the families of male personnel of the considered NPPs and in control groups did not differ significantly in terms of selected indicators characterizing the adaptive capabilities of newborn children to extrauterine life. The proportion of healthy children ranged from 60 to 73 % of their total number. In the structure of pathological conditions, perinatal conditions made the greatest contribution (from 10 to 17 %). The birth rate of children with congenital malformations did not exceed 34,0±8,9 per 1000 newborns and was significantly lower than the level adopted by the ICRP for calculating radiation risk (60 per 1000). There were no differences in the influence of the maternal factor (age and complications during pregnancy) on the development of the fetus and the health of newborns in the families of male staff and control groups.

According to calculations, the accumulated individual doses of occupational exposure of male personnel before conception of children did not exceed 30 mSv (on average) and for more than 95 % of the personnel – 100 mSv, which is lower than the exposure doses (above 100 mSv) when the negative consequences of exposure of men were reliably observed in the offspring in radiation-epidemiological studies.

Conclusion: No influence of occupational exposure on the health status of newborn children in families of male nuclear power plant personnel has been identified. At the same time, it is proposed to conduct monitoring observations of the state of reproductive health of a small group of male personnel of nuclear power plants, whose accumulated effective doses may exceed 100 mSv.

Keywords: newborn babies, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations, men, personnel, nuclear power plants

For citation: Petoyan IM, Shandala NK, Lyaginskaya AM, Metlyaev EG. Newborn Children Health Status in Families of Male Nuclear Power Plants Personnel. Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2023;68(2):80–84. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33266/1024-6177-2023-68-2-80-84



1. Lyaginskaya A.M., Tukov A.R., Osipov V.A., et al. Congenital Malformations in the Offspring of the Liquidators of the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Radiatsionnaya Biologiya. Radioekologiya = Radiation Biology. Radioecology. 2009;49;6:694–702 (In Russ.). 

2. Sosnina S.F., Sokolnikov M.E. Heritable Effects in Offspring Associated with Harmful Exposure to Parents (Literature Review). Radiatsionnaya Gigiyena = Radiation Hygiene. 2019;12;3:84–95. DOI 10.21514/1998-426X-2019-12-3-84–95 (In Russ.).

3. Savisko A.A. Epidemiologicheskiy Monitoring i Mediko-Geneticheskiye Osnovy Formirovaniya Zdorovya Detey Uchastnikov Likvidatsii Posledstviy Avarii na Chernobylskoy Atomnoy Elektrostantsii = Epidemiological Monitoring and Medical Genetic Foundations for the Formation of the Health of Children Involved in the Liquidation of the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Extended Abstract of Candidate’s thesis in Medicine. 14.00.09. Moscow Publ., 2008. 38 p. (In Russ.).

4. Zotova S.A. Rol Radiatsionnogo Faktora v Formirovanii Nervno-Psikhicheskikh Narusheniy u Detey, Rodivshikhsya v Semyakh Likvidatorov Avarii na Chaes i Obosnovaniye Taktiki Diagnosticheskikh i Lechebno-Profilakticheskikh Meropriyatiy = The Role of the Radiation Factor in the Formation of Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Children Born in the Families of the Liquidators of the Chernobyl Accident and the Rationale for the Tactics of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Measures. Extended Abstract of Candidate’s thesis in Medicine. Moscow Publ., 2007 (In Russ.).

5. Korenev N.M., Borisko G.A., Kashina-Yarmak V.A. Health Status of Children, Born in Families of Parents Which Were Irradiated Due to Chernobyl Npp Accident. Zdorovye Rebenka. (Ukr.) 2012;6:66-70 (In Russ.).  

6. Baleva L.S. The Role of Genomic Instability in the Formation of Stochastic Pathology in the Children of the Liquidators of the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Meditsina: Teoriya i Praktika = Medicine: Theory and Practice. 2019;4;S:65–66 (In Russ.).

7. Lyaginskaya A.M., Yermalitskiy A.P., Osipov V.A., Petoyan I.M. Reproductive Health of a Person in the System of Radiation Safety. Sbornik, Posvyashchennyy 70-Letiyu FGBU GNTS RF FMBTS im. A.I. Burnazyana (1946–2016 g.) = Collection Dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Federal State Budgetary Institution State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation of the FMBTS im. A.I. Burnazyan (1946–2016). Мoscow Publ., 2016 (In Russ.).

8. Osipov, V.A. Lyaginskaya A.M., Petoyan I.M., et al. Innate Development Defects in Children of Smolensk NPP Personnel and their Connection with the Occupational Exposure to the Fathers. Meditsinskaya Radiologiya i Radiatsionnaya Bezopasnost = Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety 2014;59;4:18–24 (In Russ.).

9. Radiation Safety Standards (NRB-99/2009). Sanitary and Epidemiological Rules and Regulations. Мoscow Publ., 2009. 100 p. (In Russ.).

10. Panfilov A.P. Evolution of the System Supporting Radiation Safety in Nuclear Industry of Russia and its Current Status. Apparatura i Novosti Radiatsionnykh Izmereniy = ANRI. 2016;1:2–14. (In Russ.).

11. Tsovyanov A.G., Kosterev V.V., Kryuchkov V.V., et al. Dozy Oblucheniya Personala Organizatsiy i Naseleniya na Territoriyakh, Obsluzhivayemykh Fmba Rossii i Minoborony Rossii, v 2010 g. = Exposure Doses of Personnel of Organizations and the Population in the Territories Served by the FMBA of Russia and the Ministry of Defense of Russia, in 2010. Information and Analytical Reference Book. Мoscow Publ., 2012. 86 p. (In Russ.).

12. World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases (ICD).  URL: (Accessed 27.05.2022).

13. Lyaginskaya A.M., Petoyan I.M., Yermalitskiy A.P., et al. Radiation-Hygienic Aspects of the State of Reproductive Health of Male Npp Personnel. Gigiyena i Sanitariya = Hygiene and Sanitation. 2017;96;9:883–887. DOI 10.18821/0016-9900-2017-96-9-883-887 (In Russ.).

14. Rosstat. Zdorovye Materi i Rebenka za 2013–2018 g. = Rosstat. Maternal and Child Health 2013–2018 (In Russ.).

15. Publication 103 ICRP. Ed. Kiselev M.F., Shandala N.K. Moscow Publ., 2009. 312 p. (In Russ.).



 PDF (RUS) Full-text article (in Russian)

Conflict of interest. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Financing. The study had no sponsorship.

Contribution. Article was prepared with equal participation of the authors.

Article received: 20.11.2022. Accepted for publication: 25.01.2023.