Medical Radiology and Radiation Safety. 2013. Vol. 58. No. 2. P. 30-38


N.A. Metlyaeva

Features of Social and Psychophysiological Adaptation of Three Patients Survived Acute Radiation Disease III and IV degree of Severity Complicated with Skin Radiation Injury Resulted from Chernobyl NPP Accident

Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of the FMBA of Russia, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Purpose: To evaluate the social and psychophysiological adaptation of three patients, survived acute radiation disease (ARD) 25 years ago.

Material and methods: Three patients were irradiated with gamma–beta radiation in time of Chernobyl NPP accident with estimated by cytogenetic methods total doses: 3,5 Gy, 4.3 Gy and 9.8 Gy. They were observed with using the automated program and methodical Expert complex intended for research of personal properties of the person, cognitive and intellectual features of the personality. Two of them suffered with ARD of the III degree severity and the third one suffered with ARD of IV degree. Also they had multiple skin beta radiation injuries.

Conclusion: Psychophysiological research of the 25 years follow-up study of three patients survived ARD of severe (III) and very severe (IY) degree resulted from Chernobyl nuclear accident shows that average profile of multilateral research of the third patient (ARD IV, dose 9.8 Gy) personality exceed borders of population statistical norm (<70>30) on a scale of T-points and testify to overstrain of mental adaptation. The same data were received for the second patient (ARD III, dose 4.3 Gy). Average profile of multilateral research of the personality of the patient (ARD III, dose 3.5 Gy) registered in borders of population statistical norm. That last patient had less significant skin radiation injuries.

strong>Key words: acute radiation disease, ionizing radiation, Chernobyl accident, local radiation injuries, adaptation, clinical case